Within most countries’ emergency and disaster laws, a specific set of institutions dictates the processes of declaring an event an emergency, disaster, or calamity. Whether it occurs at the local, regional, or national level, this declaration is often a necessary first step for a set of mitigation and relief processes that might include, fund disbursement, assistance compacts, price controls, and low- or no-interest loans. Yet, across countries, there is a fair amount of variance on these disaster declaration processes. This begs the question: What are the effects of these institutional differences? What are the specific ways in which these disaster declaration institutions contribute to the politicization of the different phases of emergency management?

This project is funded through grants from the American Political Science Association’s (ASPA) Small Research Grant Program and Sam Houston State University’s Faculty Research Grant Program.